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Blog posts tagged with 'Nutrition Facts'

Finding Healthy Facts in Nutrition Labels as a Guide to Better Living

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Finding Healthy Facts in Nutrition Labels as a Guide to Better LivingSince the late 1800s the government has set standards which regulate how companies and industries can claim or market what is in their food products, paving the way for modern nutrition labels. Nutrition labels continually go through changes and updates as our knowledge about certain foods, ingredients, and what it means to be healthy evolves. These labels are designed to be a guideline so that you know the true health value of the foods you consume. But in spite of the availability of this information, do people actually read them?

A Study in Purchase Habits

To investigate how often people really look at nutritional labels, researchers at the University of Minnesota took 203 volunteers and gauged what information they looked at when making a food purchase. The test involved a computer-based-shopping program where participants were shown 64 different items—including products such as cereal, soup, crackers, cookies, and ice cream—posing the question of whether or not they would buy the item. Synced with the computer program was an eye-tracking device that monitored what the shopper was viewing, tracking up to 1,000 eye movements per second. Once the buying task portion of the study was done, participants were then asked to fill out a questionnaire about their usual real-world grocery shoppping and buying habits.

What the Numbers Really Say

What researchers discovered was that there was a big difference between consumers' viewing habits and what they self-purported in the questionnaire. Thirty-three percent of participants stated that they "almost always" look at product's calorie count, 31% said they looked at total fat content, 24% looked at sugar content, and 26% claimed they paid attention to serving size. However, the eye-tracking data showed that only 9% of people looked at calorie count for almost all items—while only 1% of the participants looked at each of the other components, including fat, trans fat, sugar, and serving size.

Authors of the study say that the biggest problem with food labels is their confusing nature and sometimes concealed placement on certain boxes and packaging.

"In the simulated shopping setting, participants could see Nutrition Facts labels without having to turn, rotate, or otherwise manipulate a food package. In contrast, Nutrition Facts labels on food packages tend to be in locations that cannot be seen by consumers looking at the front of a package (e.g., when viewing a shelf of items in a grocery store)," the authors wrote.

Monitoring Serving Size to Avoid Overeating

Many people desire a road map to better health, not realizing that every box, container, or bag of packaged food already provides insight into what you are eating, allowing you to monitor what your body is getting each day and align it with your daily needs. One of the main things people often misunderstand is what serving size means when it comes to individual food items. Serving sizes are determined by the FDA and USDA to provide an average calorie count of certain food items. However, many people don't take into account the serving sizes of snacks or foods such as cereal, crackers, or candy bars, which can lead to the consumption of excess calories.

Recognizing What to Avoid and What to Focus On

Another point to note is the fat content of food. Nutrition labels separate the fat content by total fat, trans fat, and saturated fat. If you are focusing on a heart-healthy diet, watching for foods that are both low in saturated and trans fat content is crucial.

Salt and sugar are other ingredients that warrant attention. Salt is associated with heart health; in particular, blood pressure. Balancing out your salt intake with nutrients such as potassium can help keep your blood pressure levels within healthy ranges. Sugar, in the form of high-fructose corn syrup and other sweeteners, can be a source of "empty calories", which are calories that provide little or no added nutritional value, so be on the lookout for these, too.

Giving the Label a Look

Nutrition labels are often misunderstood and underused resources for better nutrition. Utilizing the nutritional information that is already available to you can help you develop healthier eating habits day in and day out. Along with following daily exercise recommendations and supplementing your diet when needed, you can start seeing the results you always wanted.

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Do You Have the Right to Know What’s in Your Food?

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Do You Have the Right to Know What’s in Your Food?As election time draws near, one of the proposals in the upcoming California state ballot is Proposition 37, also known as the California Right to Know Genetically Engineered Food Act, which requires companies to report whether their products contain any genetically modified ingredients. If passed, Prop 37 would make California the first state in the nation to have food manufacturers change the way information is listed on the nutrition facts labels on food products. The ruling will not affect supplement facts labels on dietary supplements, which are generally stricter than regular food items.

New Label Requirements Will Create Greater Transparency

Proponents of Prop 37 say that the new label guidelines will create more honesty in the food industry, separating truly organic food manufacturers from companies claiming to be organic, but who use processed or genetically modified ingredients. Organic food consumers expect higher standards from the products they purchase and the new labeling requirements are designed to create greater transparency between the manufacturer and consumer, so people know exactly what they’re paying for. To date, organic producers have raised around $2.8 million to push greater awareness for Prop 37. By contrast, opposition against Prop 37 has been raised by companies including Coca-Cola, General Mills, Nestle, and Monsanto, which have raised almost $25 million to push their agenda. These companies claim that the new labeling measures may mislead consumers into thinking that genetically modified foods are somehow inferior or unhealthy when compared to organic foods, creating an unfair competitive advantage. They also argue that in the long-run, food prices will go up. Although Prop 37 will only require changes to labels of food for sale in California, many manufacturers will be unable to produce custom labels just for California sale, so the new label format may make its way out of state.

What Does This Mean to Consumers?

Other countries such as Japan, China, and some European nations already label their genetically modified foods. Also, about 40-70% of food already sold in California grocery stores contains genetically modified ingredients. The California Right to Know group, which is leading the pro-labeling initiative, argues that Prop 37 merely seeks to inform consumers so they can make their own food choices when more information is made available to them. To our readers in California: The decision is yours when the polls open in November.

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